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Depending on the location of the damage and the severity of the malfunction, different types of movement disorders may develop including:
⇒ Damage to the cerebellum which can result in loss of coordination.
⇒ Damage to the basal ganglia (the collection of nerve cells located at the base of the cerebrum, deep within the brain) may cause involuntary or decreased movement, but not weakness or changes in reflexes.
⇒ Damage to the parts of the brain that control voluntary movement or the connections between the brain and spinal cord can result in weakness or paralysis of the muscles involved in voluntary movements and exaggerated reflexes.
Some movement disorders, such as hiccups, are temporary, but others, such as Parkinson’s disease are serious and progressive, impairing speaking ability, use of hands, walking ability and balance when standing.
Symptoms of movement disorders vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. The severity of movement disorder symptoms can be affected by anxiety, fatigue, medication and stress.
Abnormal body movements are broadly classified as either hyperkinetic (too much movement) or hypokinetic (too little movement). Hyperkinetic movements include:
Chorea. Rapid, nonrhythmic, jerky movements, usually in the arms and legs.
Dystonia. Sustained muscle contractions, often causing twisting or repetitive movements and abnormal posture. Limited to one area or may be the whole body.
Ballism. Large movements involving the arm or leg can occur on both sides of the body or only one.
Tremor. Uncontrollable (involuntary) shaking of part of the body. Occurs when muscles are relaxed or in action.
Akathisia. Restlessness and desire to move to relieve uncomfortable sensations like crawling, itching, stretching, or creeping sensation, usually in the legs.
Tics. Involuntary, rapid, nonrhythmic movement or sound.
Athetosis. Slow, continuous, uncontrollable movement of the arms and legs.
Myoclonus. Sudden, shock-like muscle contraction or jerks that may occur once or repetitively.
Having a movement disorder can impact multiple aspects of everyday life. From feeling self-conscious when more noticeable physical symptoms present in public or social situations to interfering with your ability to function and complete every tasks that most people take for granted. Suppressing these symptoms with pharmaceuticals isn’t the same as identifying what is causing the symptoms and applying a targeted functional neurology treatment plan to address the area of the brain that is misfiring or working improperly that is causing these movements or exasperating them. Fortunately, at Cerebrum Health Centers, we specialize in the latter.
At Cerebrum Health Centers, our mission is to help you get your life back and to restore healing in a way that you have not yet experienced. Through our extensive interaction and feedback with our patients, we facilitate the process of re-activating the pathways in the brain, paving the way to a more fully functioning neurological system and a more vibrant and restored lifestyle. We assess and treat a variety of patients dealing with many movement disorder issues and symptoms. We combine evidence-based diagnostics with leading-edge technologies and treatments to quickly improve the quality of life for patients and their families.